33d Operations Group
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|33d Operations Group|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||33d Fighter Wing|
|Garrison/HQ||Eglin Air Force Base|
|Motto||Fire From the Clouds|
From its activation in December 1991, as part of the 33d Fighter Wing, the 33d Operations Group has deployed aircraft and personnel to Saudi Arabia, Canada, the Caribbean, South America, Jamaica, Iceland, Italy, and Puerto Rico and participated in operations SOUTHERN WATCH, CORONET MACAW; RESTORE HOPE, SUPPORT JUSTICE IV; UPHOLD DEMOCRACY.
These included combat as well as deployments to assist in the US drug war.
The 33 OG lost 13 members in the bombing of Khobar Towers, Saudi Arabia on 25 Jun 1996.
The 33 OG (Tail Code: EG) commands two flying squadrons and one support squadron
- 58th Fighter Squadron "Gorillas" (Blue tail stripe)
- The 58th Fighter Squadron has a long and distinguished history that dates back to the aerial battles of World War II. Activated as the 58th Pursuit Squadron (part of the 33rd Pursuit Group) stationed at Mitchel Field, New York, the squadron was charged with the ongoing mission of aerial defense of the United States. When the United States entered World War II, the 58th took an active role in the war effort by participating in several operations during a three year overseas tour.
- 60th Fighter Squadron "Fighting Crows" (Red tail stripe)
- Activated in 1940 at Mitchell Field, New York as the 60th Pursuit Squadron, the unit was attached to the 33rd Pursuit Group on January 15, 1941. Re-designated as the 60th Fighter Squadron on May 15, 1942, the unit was responsible for the continual mission of air defense of the United States until October 1942.
- 33rd Operations Support Squadron
- Responsible for all facets of airfield operations, or ops, air traffic control, weather, aircrew life support and training, intelligence analysis and support, weapons and tactics training, 33 FW battle staff operations, airspace scheduling, range ops and wing flying hour program.
- Established as 33d Pursuit Group (Interceptor) on 20 Nov 1940
- Activated on 15 Jan 1941
- Redesignated 33d Fighter Group on 15 May 1942
- Inactivated on 8 Dec 1945
- Activated on 20 Aug 1946
- Redesignated 33d Fighter-Interceptor Group on 20 Jan 1950
- Inactivated on 6 Feb 1952
- Redesignated 33d Fighter Group (Air Defense) on 20 Jun 1955
- Activated on 18 Aug 1955 by redesignation of 564th Air Defense Group
- Inactivated on 18 Aug 1957
- Consolidated (31 Jul 1985) with the 33d Tactical Group, which was established, and activated on 19 Jun 1963
- Organized on 8 Jul 1963
- Discontinued, and inactivated, on 8 Jul 1965
- Redesignated 33d Tactical Fighter Group on 31 Jul 1985 (remained inactive)
- Redesignated 33d Operations Group, and activated, on 1 Dec 1991.
Note: The Air Defense Command 564th Air Base Group was activated on 6 February 1952, replacing the 33d Fighter Group at Otis AFB, Massachusetts. Redesignated 564th Air Defense Group on 16 Feb 1953, the unit was redesignated as the 33d Fighter Group (Air Defense) on 18 Aug 1955 as part of the ADC "Project Arrow", which redesignated notable World War II combat units. Inactivated and replaced by 4735th Air Defense Group on 18 Aug 1957.
- 58th Pursuit (later, 58th Fighter) Squadron: 15 Jan 1941-8 Dec 1945; 20 Aug 1946-6 Feb 1952; 18 Aug 1955-18 Aug 1957; 1 Dec 1991-Present
- 59th Pursuit (later, 59th Fighter) Squadron: 15 Jan 1941-8 Dec 1945; 20 Aug 1946-6 Feb 1952; 1 Dec 1991-15 Apr 1999
- 60th Pursuit (later, 60th Fighter) Squadron: 15 Jan 1941-8 Dec 1945; 20 Aug 1946-6 Feb 1952; 18 Aug 1955-18 Aug 1957; 1 Dec 1991-Present
The group moved to North Africa as part of the invasion force on November 8, 1942 and operated with Twelfth Air Force in the Mediterranean theater until February 1944, providing close air support for ground forces, and bombing and strafing personnel concentrations, port installations, fuel dumps, bridges, highways, and rail lines. The 33d received a Distinguished Unit Citation for action on January 15, 1943 when German aircraft attempted to knock out the group's base in Tunisia. The group drove off the enemy's escort and destroyed most of its bombers. It took part in the reduction of Pantelleria and flew patrol missions while Allied troops landed after surrender of the enemy's garrison. It also participated in the invasion and conquest of Sicily by supporting landings at Salerno, southern Italy, and the beachhead at Anzio.
After moving to India in February 1944, the group trained with P-38s and P-47s. It then moved to China where it continued training and flew patrol and intercept missions. Upon returning to India in September 1944, it flew dive bombing and strafing missions in Burma until the Allied campaigns in that area had been completed.
From August 1946, the 33d served as part of the US occupation force in Germany until transferred back to the US, less personnel and equipment in August 1947. Moving to New Mexico, it was remanned and equipped with P-51s in September 1947, transitioned to F-84s in June 1948, and by mid-Nov, moved to the east coast. There it trained to maintain tactical proficiency and participated in exercises and aerial demonstrations. In Feb 1949, transitioned to F-86s and in Dec assumed an air defense mission, providing air defense in the northeastern US until inactivation in Feb 1952. Again, it provided air defense in northeastern US, Aug 1955-Aug 1957.
In South Vietnam, the group was equipped primarily with cargo aircraft , C-54, U-3B, VC-47, and VC-123. Its mission was to maintain and operate base support facilities at Tan Son Nhut AB, supporting the 2d Air Division and subordinate units by performing reconnaissance of Vietnam from various detachments flying RB-26, RB-57, and RF-101 aircraft, Jul 1963-Jul 1965.
On 1 December 1991, the 33d Operations Group was activated as a result of the 33d Tactical Fighter Wing implementing the USAF objective wing organization. Upon activation, the 33d OG was bestowed the lineage and history of the 33d Fighter Group. The 33d OG was assigned the 58th and 60th Fighter Squadrons upon activation, all equipped with the F-15C/D Eagle.
The 33 OG lost 13 members in the bombing of Khobar Towers, Saudi Arabia on June 25, 1996.
The group is currently engaged in Air Expeditionary operations in various combat areas as part of the Global War on Terrorism
- Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129.
- USAF 33d Fighter Group Factsheet