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alemán árabe búlgaro checo chino coreano croata danés eslovaco esloveno español estonio farsi finlandés francés griego hebreo hindù húngaro indonesio inglés islandés italiano japonés letón lituano malgache neerlandés noruego polaco portugués rumano ruso serbio sueco tailandès turco vietnamita

definición - Bed

bed (n.)

1.a layer of ore between layers of rock

2.a piece of furniture that provides a place to sleep"he sat on the edge of the bed" "the room had only a bed and chair"

3.a plot of ground in which plants are growing"the gardener planted a bed of roses"

4.a foundation of earth or rock supporting a road or railroad track"the track bed had washed away"

5.the flat surface of a printing press on which the type form is laid in the last stage of producing a newspaper or magazine or book etc.

6.single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance"slices of hard-boiled egg on a bed of spinach"

7.a stratum of ore or coal thick enough to be mined with profit"he worked in the coal beds"

8.a depression forming the ground under a body of water"he searched for treasure on the ocean bed"

9.(geology) a stratum of rock (especially sedimentary rock)"they found a bed of sandstone"

bed (v.)

1.prepare for sleep"I usually turn in at midnight" "He goes to bed at the crack of dawn"

2.have sexual intercourse with"This student sleeps with everyone in her dorm" "Adam knew Eve" "Were you ever intimate with this man?"

3.put to bed"The children were bedded at ten o'clock"

4.place (plants) in a prepared bed of soil

5.furnish with a bed"The inn keeper could bed all the new arrivals"

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Merriam Webster

BedBed (�), n. [AS. bed, bedd; akin to OS. bed, D. bed, bedde, Icel. be�r, Dan. bed, Sw. bädd, Goth. badi, OHG. betti, G. bett, bette, bed, beet a plat of ground; all of uncertain origin.]
1. An article of furniture to sleep or take rest in or on; a couch. Specifically: A sack or mattress, filled with some soft material, in distinction from the bedstead on which it is placed (as, a feather bed), or this with the bedclothes added. In a general sense, any thing or place used for sleeping or reclining on or in, as a quantity of hay, straw, leaves, or twigs.

And made for him [a horse] a leafy bed. Byron.

I wash, wring, brew, bake, . . . make the beds. Shak.

In bed he slept not for my urging it. Shak.

2. (Used as the symbol of matrimony) Marriage.

George, the eldest son of his second bed. Clarendon.

3. A plat or level piece of ground in a garden, usually a little raised above the adjoining ground.Beds of hyacinth and roses.” Milton.

4. A mass or heap of anything arranged like a bed; as, a bed of ashes or coals.

5. The bottom of a watercourse, or of any body of water; as, the bed of a river.

So sinks the daystar in the ocean bed. Milton.

6. (Geol.) A layer or seam, or a horizontal stratum between layers; as, a bed of coal, iron, etc.

7. (Gun.) See Gun carriage, and Mortar bed.

8. (Masonry) (a) The horizontal surface of a building stone; as, the upper and lower beds. (b) A course of stone or brick in a wall. (c) The place or material in which a block or brick is laid. (d) The lower surface of a brick, slate, or tile. Knight.

9. (Mech.) The foundation or the more solid and fixed part or framing of a machine; or a part on which something is laid or supported; as, the bed of an engine.

10. The superficial earthwork, or ballast, of a railroad.

11. (Printing) The flat part of the press, on which the form is laid.

Bed is much used adjectively or in combination; as, bed key or bedkey; bed wrench or bedwrench; bedchamber; bedmaker, etc.

Bed of justice (French Hist.), the throne (F. lit bed) occupied by the king when sitting in one of his parliaments (judicial courts); hence, a session of a refractory parliament, at which the king was present for the purpose of causing his decrees to be registered. -- To be brought to bed, to be delivered of a child; -- often followed by of; as, to be brought to bed of a son. -- To make a bed, to prepare a bed; to arrange or put in order a bed and its bedding. -- From bed and board (Law), a phrase applied to a separation by partial divorce of man and wife, without dissolving the bonds of matrimony. If such a divorce (now commonly called a judicial separation) be granted at the instance of the wife, she may have alimony.

BedBed, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Bedded; p. pr. & vb. n. Bedding.]
1. To place in a bed. [Obs.] Bacon.

2. To make partaker of one's bed; to cohabit with.

I'll to the Tuscan wars, and never bed her. Shak.

3. To furnish with a bed or bedding.

4. To plant or arrange in beds; to set, or cover, as in a bed of soft earth; as, to bed the roots of a plant in mold.

5. To lay or put in any hollow place, or place of rest and security, surrounded or inclosed; to embed; to furnish with or place upon a bed or foundation; as, to bed a stone; it was bedded on a rock.

Among all chains or clusters of mountains where large bodies of still water are bedded. Wordsworth.

6. (Masonry) To dress or prepare the surface of stone) so as to serve as a bed.

7. To lay flat; to lay in order; to place in a horizontal or recumbent position.Bedded hair.” Shak.

BedBed (�), v. i. To go to bed; to cohabit.

If he be married, and bed with his wife. Wiseman.

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definición (más)

definición de Bed (Wikipedia)

sinónimos - Bed

ver también - Bed

bed (v.)

screwing arise, get up, rise, turn out, uprise

frases

-Bed Bugs • Bed Capacities, Hospital • Bed Conversion • Bed Nucleus of Stria Terminalis • Bed Occupancy • Bed Rest • Bed Sores • air bed • air-bed • be in bed • bed and board • bed and breakfast • bed bug • bed check • bed clothing • bed cover • bed covering • bed down • bed ground • bed jacket • bed linen • bed of flowers • bed of roses • bed pillow • bed rest • bed sheet • bed unavailable • bed wetter • bed with baldachin • bed with baldaquin • bed-and-breakfast • bed-ground • bed-hop • bed-rot • bed-wetting • day bed • double bed • get out of bed • go to bed • go to bed with • head of bed • put to bed • sea bed • sea-bed • single bed • take to bed • water bed

-A Bed Among the Lentils • Adjustable bed • Ammerer Bed Company • Apple Bed • Arrestor bed • Atmospheric fluidized bed boiler • Atmospheric fluidized bed combustion • Atmospheric fluidized-bed boiler • Atmospheric fluidized-bed combustion • Bed (disambiguation) • Bed (geology) • Bed (song) • Bed Bath And Beyond • Bed Head • Bed O' Roses • Bed O' Roses Handicap • Bed and Board • Bed and breakfast • Bed and breakfasting • Bed ford • Bed frame • Bed jacket • Bed load • Bed management • Bed mould • Bed of Diarmait and Gráinne • Bed of Gold • Bed of Roses (1933 film) • Bed of Roses (TV series) • Bed of Roses (film) • Bed of Roses (song) • Bed of Ware • Bed of nails • Bed of roses • Bed rest • Bed rock • Bed size • Bed trick • Bed warmer • Bed-ah-Wick Field • Bed-mould • Bed-rest • Beecher's Trilobite Bed • Better Get Back in Bed • Black Coffee in Bed • Bondage bed • Brass bed • Breakfast in Bed • Breakfast in Bed (album) • Breakfast in Bed (disambiguation) • Bunk bed • Burn recovery bed • Burning the Bed • Cage bed • Camp bed • Canopy bed • Cast steel bed • Child bed • Ciruclating fluidized bed boiler • Ciruclating fluidized bed combustion • Ciruclating fluidized-bed boiler • Ciruclating fluidized-bed combustion • Coal bed methane extraction • Coffee roasting using a fluidized bed • Come Back to Bed • Copper Bell Bed and Breakfast • Couch bed • Cromer Forest Bed • Day bed • Deep sand bed • Don't Look Under the Bed • Don't Smoke in Bed • Don't Wanna Go to Bed Now • Dreams (bed retailer) • Early to Bed • Enhanced coal bed methane recovery • Expanded bed adsorption • Expanded granular sludge bed digestion • Fire, Bed, and Bone • Flaser bed • Flat bed • Flat bed truck • Flat bed trucks • Flat-bed • Flex-A-Bed • Fluidized bed (disambiguation) • Fluidized bed boiler • Fluidized bed combustion • Fluidized bed combustor • Fluidized bed reactor • Fluidized-bed • Fluidized-bed boiler • Fluidized-bed combustor • Four poster bed • Fred's Bed • Gasification fluidized bed boiler • Gasification fluidized bed combustion • Gasification fluidized-bed boiler • Gasification fluidized-bed combustion • Generals Die in Bed • Get Out of Your Lazy Bed • Ghost Beside My Bed • Go To Bed • Go-to-bed matchbox • Great Bed of Ware • Help! Mom! There Are Liberals Under My Bed • I'll Go to Bed at Noon • Ibkilwit Lava Bed • In Bed With Chris Needham • In Bed with Medinner • In Bed with My Doona • In My Bed • Infant's bed • Iron bed • Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon • Joanne's Bed and Back • Key bed • Lava Bed Mountains • Lesbian bed death • Lesbien bed death • Let's Get Back to Bed – Boy! • Let's Go to Bed • Let's Go to Bed (No Angels song) • Let's Go to Bed (The Cure song) • Limestone Inn Bed and Breakfast • Locomotive bed • Melbourne Bone Bed • Mister Bed • My Bed • My Side of the Bed • My Zinc Bed • Nail bed • No Jumping on the Bed! • Oily to Bed, Oily to Rise • One Hundred Things You Should Have Done in Bed • One Night As I Lay On My Bed • Packed bed • Pebble bed • Pebble bed modular reactor • Pebble bed reactor • Penn-ar-Bed (company) • Platform bed • Platform bed history • Pressurized fluidized bed boiler • Pressurized fluidized bed combustion • Pressurized fluidized-bed boiler • Pressurized fluidized-bed combustion • Putting the Days to Bed • Queen size bed • Queen sized bed • Raised bed • Raised bed gardening • Reading Bed • Reading bed • Red bed • Rocks in My Bed • Royal Bed Bouncer • Sea bed logging • Simulated moving bed • Sleazy Bed Track • Sleep Number bed • Sleigh bed • Sofa bed • Spawning bed • Stale seed bed • Stay with Me (Brass Bed) • Stream bed • Tanning bed • Test bed • Test-bed • The Bed Is in the Ocean • The Bed and Breakfast Star • The Bed of Nails (Yes Minister) • The Bed-Sit Girl • The Bed-Sitting Room • The Celestial Bed • The Conjugal Bed • The Golden Bed • The Herbal Bed • The Matrimonial Bed • The Monster Bed • The Night the Bed Fell • The Other Side of the Bed • There's A Viking In My Bed • This Bed • Track bed • Truth or Dare aka In Bed with Madonna (video) • Unmade Bed • Wagon Bed Spring (Kansas) • Wapato Lake Bed • Water bed • Who's Been Sleeping in My Bed? • Whose Bed Have Your Boots Been Under? • Woolhampton Reed Bed • Woolwich Bed • Woolwich bed • Yellow Bed-Straw • York-Oyster Bed

diccionario analógico


 

bed (n.) [geology]



 

avoir des relations charnelles avec une femme (fr)[Classe]

go to bed with; engage in coitus; have sexual intercourse; roll in the hay; love; make out; make love; sleep with; get laid; have sex; know; do it; be intimate; have intercourse; have it away; have it off; screw; fuck; jazz; eff; hump; lie with; bed; have a go at it; bang; get it on; bonk; go to bed (often with with); sleep together[ClasseHyper.]

go to bed with; engage in coitus; have sexual intercourse; roll in the hay; love; make out; make love; sleep with; get laid; have sex; know; do it; be intimate; have intercourse; have it away; have it off; screw; fuck; jazz; eff; hump; lie with; bed; have a go at it; bang; get it on; bonk; go to bed (often with with); sleep together[ClasseHyper.]

take to bed[ClasseHyper.]

take to bed[ClasseHyper.]

take to bed[ClasseHyper.]

lieu d'amour (fr)[ClasseParExt.]

lieu où l'on dort (ou peut dormir) (fr)[Classe]

bedroom; sleeping room; chamber; bedchamber; apartment; sleeping accommodation[ClasseHyper.]

factotum[Domaine]

Screw[Domaine]

SexualReproduction[Domaine]

tente (fr)[DomainDescrip.]

building_industry[Domaine]

Room[Domaine]

article of furniture, furniture, piece of furniture - copulate, couple, mate, pair - deposit, lay, place, pose, position, put, set - furnish, procure, provide, render, supply - room[Hyper.]

ass, fuck, fucking, nookie, nooky, piece of ass, piece of tail, roll in the hay, screw, screwing, shag, shtup - love, love life, lovemaking, making love, sexual love - bed - erotic love, love, sexual love - lover - fucker - couche (fr)[Dérivé]

hospital, infirmary, ward - abode, domicile, dwelling, dwelling house, habitation, home, place[Desc]

make out, neck - archaicism, archaism[Domaine]

lie[Syntagme]

bed (n.)




 

presse d'imprimerie (fr)[Classe]

factotum[Domaine]

surface[Domaine]

publishing[Domaine]

Device[Domaine]

artefact, artifact - machine[Hyper.]

coat, surface[Dérivé]

bed (n.)



 

layer, tier[Hyper.]

stratify - stratify[Dérivé]

being, organism[Domaine]

stratum[Hyper.]

bed (n.)



stratum[Hyper.]

geology[Domaine]

bed (n.)



 

go to bed with; engage in coitus; have sexual intercourse; roll in the hay; love; make out; make love; sleep with; get laid; have sex; know; do it; be intimate; have intercourse; have it away; have it off; screw; fuck; jazz; eff; hump; lie with; bed; have a go at it; bang; get it on; bonk; go to bed (often with with); sleep together[Classe]

go to bed with; engage in coitus; have sexual intercourse; roll in the hay; love; make out; make love; sleep with; get laid; have sex; know; do it; be intimate; have intercourse; have it away; have it off; screw; fuck; jazz; eff; hump; lie with; bed; have a go at it; bang; get it on; bonk; go to bed (often with with); sleep together[Classe]

monter, couvrir une femelle (fr)[Classe]

orgasm; climax; sexual climax; coming; sexual pleasure[Classe]

(sexual act; sexual intercourse; sex act; copulation; coitus; coition; sexual congress; sexual relation; carnal knowledge), (position), (go to bed with; engage in coitus; have sexual intercourse; roll in the hay; love; make out; make love; sleep with; get laid; have sex; know; do it; be intimate; have intercourse; have it away; have it off; screw; fuck; jazz; eff; hump; lie with; bed; have a go at it; bang; get it on; bonk; go to bed (often with with); sleep together), (go to bed with; engage in coitus; have sexual intercourse; roll in the hay; love; make out; make love; sleep with; get laid; have sex; know; do it; be intimate; have intercourse; have it away; have it off; screw; fuck; jazz; eff; hump; lie with; bed; have a go at it; bang; get it on; bonk; go to bed (often with with); sleep together)[Thème]

sexuality[Domaine]

SexualReproduction[Domaine]

physiology[Domaine]

art[Domaine]

SubjectiveAssessmentAttribute[Domaine]

conjoin, join - sex, sex activity, sexual activity, sexuality, sexual practice - bedroom furniture - concupiscence, desire, eros, physical attraction, sexual desire - domestic partner, significant other, spousal equivalent, spouse equivalent - hetero, heterosexual, heterosexual person, straight, straight person - pet - drawing up, expression, formulation, wording[Hyper.]

carnal knowledge, coition, coitus, congress, copulation, intercourse, relation, sex act, sexual act, sexual congress, sexual intercourse, sexual relation[GenV+comp]

conjugation, coupling, mating, pairing, sexual union, union - pair - couple, match, mates - mate - better half, married person, mate, partner, spouse - coital, copulatory - bang, bed, be intimate, bone, bonk, do it, eff, engage in coitus, fuck, get it on, get laid, get off, go to bed with, have a go at it, have intercourse, have it away, have it off, have sex, have sexual intercourse, hump, jazz, know, lie with, love, make love, make out, roll in the hay, screw, sex, sleep together, sleep with - bed, take to bed - bed - caressing, cuddling, fondling, hugging, kissing, necking, petting, smooching, snuggling - necker - archaise, archaize - archaistic[Dérivé]

hospital room - apartment, bedchamber, bedroom, chamber, sleeping accommodation, sleeping room[Desc]

dirty word, filth, obscenity, smut, vulgarism - argot, cant, gobbledegook, gobbledygook, jargon, lingo, patois, shoptalk, slang, technical jargon, vernacular[Domaine]

bed (v.)


bed (v.)




Wikipedia - ver también

Wikipedia

Bed

                   
  "The bed" by Toulouse Lautrec (1893)

A bed (About this sound listen ) is a piece of furniture used as a place to sleep, relax, or engage in sexual relations.[1][2]

Most modern beds consist of a mattress on a bed frame, with the mattress resting either on a solid base, often wooden slats, or a sprung base. In North America many beds include a box spring inner-sprung base,[3] a large mattress-sized box containing wood and springs that provide additional support and suspension for the mattress.

Most beds have a headboard for resting against, with others also having side rails and footboards (or "footers"). "Headboard only" beds often incorporate a "dust ruffle", "bed skirt", or "valance sheet" to hide the bed frame.

For greater head support, most people use a pillow, placed on the top of a mattress. Also used is some form of covering blanket to insulate the sleeper, often bed sheets, a quilt, or a duvet, collectively referred to as bedding. Bedding is the removable non-furniture portion of a sleeping environment. A bed can be thought of as a body, and the bedding its clothing.

Also, some people prefer to dispense with the box spring and bed frame, and replace it with a platform bed style. This is more common in Europe, Australia and Japan.

Contents

  History

  Ancient world

  Tutankhamun's gilded bed from the 14th century BC

Early beds were little more than piles of straw or some other natural material (e.g. a heap of palm leaves). An important change was raising them off the ground, to avoid drafts, dirt, and pests. Beds found in a preserved village in northern Scotland which were raised boxes made of stone and likely topped with comfortable fillers, were dated to between 3200 BC and 2200 BC.[4] Given the increased cost though, it was only available to the wealthy.[5] The Egyptians had high bedsteads which were ascended by steps, with bolsters or pillows, and curtains to hang round. The elite of Egyptian society such as its pharaohs and queens even had beds made of wood, sometimes gilded. Often there was a head-rest as well, semi-cylindrical and made of stone, wood or metal. Ancient Assyrians, Medes and Persians had beds of a similar kind, and frequently decorated their furniture with inlays or appliques of metal, mother-of-pearl and ivory.

The oldest account of a bed is probably that of Odysseus: a charpoy[6] woven of rope, plays a role in the Odyssey. A similar bed can be seen at the St Fagans National History Museum in Wales. Odysseus also gives an account of how he crafted the nuptial bed for himself and Penelope, out of an ancient, huge olive tree trunk that used to grow on the spot before the bridal chamber was built. His detailed description finally persuades the doubting Penelope that the shipwrecked, aged man is indeed her long-lost husband. Homer also mentions the inlaying of the woodwork of beds with gold, silver and ivory. The Greek bed had a wooden frame, with a board at the head and bands of hide laced across, upon which skins were placed. At a later period the bedstead was often veneered with expensive woods; sometimes it was of solid ivory veneered with tortoise-shell and with silver feet; often it was of bronze. The pillows and coverings also became more costly and beautiful; the most celebrated places for their manufacture were Miletus, Corinth and Carthage. Folding beds, too, appear in the vase paintings.

Roman mattresses were stuffed with reeds, hay, wool or feathers; the last was used towards the end of the Republic, when custom demanded luxury. Small cushions were placed at the head and sometimes at the back. The bedsteads were high and could only be ascended by the help of steps. They were often arranged for two people, and had a board or railing at the back as well as the raised portion at the head. The counterpanes were sometimes very costly, generally purple embroidered with figures in gold; and rich hangings fell to the ground masking the front. The bedsteads themselves were often of bronze inlaid with silver, and Elagabalus had one of solid silver. In the walls of some of the houses at Pompeii bed niches are found which were probably closed by curtains or sliding partitions. Ancient Romans had various kinds of beds for repose. These included:

  • lectus cubicularis, or chamber bed, for normal sleeping
  • lectus genialis, the marriage bed, it was much decorated, and was placed in the atrium opposite the door
  • lectus discubitorius, or table bed, on which they ate—for they ate while lying on their left sides—there usually being three people to one bed, with the middle place accounted the most honorable position
  • lectus lucubratorius, for studying
  • and a lectus funebris, or emortualis, on which the dead were carried to the pyre[7]

  Medieval Europe

  Bedroom on the Detmold Open-air Museum premises

The ancient Germans lay on the floor on beds of leaves covered with skins, or in a kind of shallow chest filled with leaves and moss. In the early Middle Ages they laid carpets on the floor or on a bench against the wall, placed upon them mattresses stuffed with feathers, wool or hair, and used skins as a covering. Curtains were hung from the ceiling or from an iron arm projecting from the wall.[8] They appear to have generally lain naked in bed, wrapping themselves in the large linen sheets which were stretched over the cushions.

  Southampton Medieval Merchant's House bedroom

In the 13th century luxury increased and bedsteads were made of wood much decorated with inlaid, carved and painted ornamentation. They also used folding beds, which served as couches by day and had cushions covered with silk laid upon leather. At night a linen sheet was spread and pillows placed, while silk-covered skins served as coverlets. The Carolingian manuscripts show metal bedsteads much higher at the head than at the feet, and this shape continued in use until the 13th century in France, many cushions being added to raise the body to a sloping position. In the 12th-century manuscripts, the bedsteads appear much richer, with inlays, carving and painting, and with embroidered coverlets and mattresses in harmony. Curtains were hung above the bed, and a small hanging lamp is often shown.

In the 14th century the woodwork became of less importance, generally being entirely covered by hangings of rich materials. Silk, velvet and even cloth of gold were frequently used. Inventories from the beginning of the 14th century give details of these hangings lined with fur and richly embroidered. It was then that the tester bed made its first appearance, the tester being slung from the ceiling or fastened to the walls, a form which developed later into a room within a room, shut in by double curtains, sometimes even so as to exclude all drafts. The space between bed and wall was called the ruelle, and very intimate friends were received there. The 14th century is also the time when feather beds became highly prized possessions.[8]

In the 15th century beds became very large, reaching 7–8 feet by 6–7 feet. The mattresses were often filled with pea-shucks, straw or feathers. At this time great personages were in the habit of carrying most of their property about with them, including beds and bed-hangings, and for this reason the bedsteads were for the most part mere frameworks to be covered up; but about the beginning of the 16th century bedsteads were made lighter and more decorative, since the lords remained in the same place for longer periods.

  Renaissance and modern Europe

In the 17th century, which has been called "the century of magnificent beds", the style a la duchesse, with tester and curtains only at the head, replaced the more enclosed beds in France, though they lasted much longer in England. Louis XIV had an enormous number of sumptuous beds, as many as 413 being described in the inventories of his palaces. Some of them had embroideries enriched with pearls, and figures on a silver or golden ground. The great bed at Versailles had crimson velvet curtains on which "The Triumph of Venus" was embroidered. So much gold was used that the velvet scarcely showed.

  Napoleon I's bed

In the 18th century feather pillows were first used as coverings in Germany, which in the fashions of the bed and the curious etiquette connected with the bedchamber followed France for the most part. The beds were a la duchesse, but in France itself there was great variety both of name and shape. The custom of the "bed of justice" upon which the king of France reclined when he was present in parliament, the princes being seated, the great officials standing, and the lesser officials kneeling, was held to denote the royal power even more than the throne.

Louis XI is credited with its first use, and the custom lasted till the end of the monarchy. In the chambre de parade, where the ceremonial bed was placed, certain persons, such as ambassadors or great lords, whom it was desired to honour, were received in a more intimate fashion than the crowd of courtiers. At Versailles women received their friends in their beds, both before and after childbirth, during periods of mourning, and even directly after marriage—in fact in any circumstances which were thought deserving of congratulation or condolence. During the 17th century this curious custom became general, perhaps to avoid the tiresome details of etiquette. Portable beds were used in high society in France till the end of the Ancien Régime. The earliest of which mention has been found belonged to Charles the Bold. They had curtains over a light framework, and were in their way as fine as the stationary beds.

Iron beds appear in the 18th century; the advertisements recommend them as free from the insects which sometimes infested wooden bedsteads. Elsewhere, there was also the closed bed with sliding or folding shutters, and in England—where beds were commonly quite simple in form—the four poster was the usual citizen's bed until the middle of the 19th century.

  Bed sizes

Bed sizes vary considerably around the world, with most countries having their own standards and terminology.

While the "double" size appears to be standard among English speaking countries, based on the imperial measurement of 4 ft 6 in by 6 ft 3 in (137 cm x 190 cm), the sizes for other bed types tend to vary. The mainland European sizes differ, not merely because of the use of the metric system.

In the mid 1950s the U.S. bedding industry introduced a new size, the King Size.[9] A king-sized bed differs from the other sizes in implementation, as it is not common to have a king-sized box spring; rather, two smaller box-springs are used under a king-sized mattress. It is a common misconception that in a U.S. "standard" or "eastern king", the box springs are identical in size to a "twin extra-long"; however, "twin extra-long" mattresses next to each other add up to 78 inches wide instead of the 76 inch width that is standard for an "eastern king". Also, more commonly known as a "California King" in the United States of America.

What is referred to as a "single bed" in many parts of the world is known in U.S. terminology as a "twin bed". In some countries, a "twin bed" may also be used to describe one of two single beds in the same room.

  Notable beds

  The Great Bed of Ware, one of the largest beds in the world

One of the largest beds in the world is the Great Bed of Ware, made in about 1580. It is 3.26 metres (10.7 ft) wide, 3.38 metres (11.1 ft) long. The bed is mentioned by Shakespeare in Twelfth Night. It is now in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.

In 1882, an Indian Maharajah had a bed made of solid silver. At each corner of the bed there was a life-sized statue of a naked woman holding a fan. When the Maharajah lay on the bed, his weight started a mechanism that made the women wave their fans.

Around 1865, one could acquire a convertible bed in the form of an upright piano, which could provide home entertainment while saving space.[10]

  Types of beds

  Lit à la Polonaise (Polish style bed),[11] Royal Castle in Warsaw, 18th century.
  Patent #322,177, on July 14, 1885 issued to Sarah E. Goode for a cabinet bed
  Drawing of a candle-lit mourning bed (Trauergerüst) for abbess Franziska Christine von Pfalz-Sulzbach, 1776
  Chinese style beds

There are many varieties of beds:

  • An adjustable bed is a bed that can be adjusted to a number of different positions
  • An air bed uses an air-inflated mattress, sometimes connected to an electric air pump and having variable, firmness controls. The portable version of an air bed can also be rolled up and packed, so is meant for travel or temporary guest use.
  • A bassinet is a bed specifically for newborn infants.
  • A box-bed is a bed having the form of a large box with wooden roof, sides, and ends, opening in front with two sliding panels or shutters; often used in cottages in Scotland: sometimes also applied to a bed arranged so as to fold up into a box.
  • A brass bed, constructed from brass
  • A brass plated bed is a cheap bed of iron, a false brass bed, with a thin covering of brass, which with time peels off and the iron is exposed.
  • A bunk bed is two or more beds one atop the other.
  • A loft bed is similar to a bunk bed, except there isn't a lower bunk. This leave space underneath for storage, other furniture, etc.
  • A captain's bed[12] (also known as a "chest bed" or "cabin bed") is a platform bed with drawers and storage compartments built in underneath.
  • A camp bed (also "cot") is a simple, temporary, portable bed used by armies and large organizations in times of crisis.
  • A canopy bed is similar to a four poster bed, but the posts usually extend higher and are adorned or draped with cloth, sometimes completely enclosing the bed.
  • A curtained bed is a luxury bed with curtains.
  • A daybed is a couch that is used as a seat by day and as a bed by night.
  • A futon is a traditional style of Japanese bed that is also available in a larger Western style.
  • A four poster bed is a bed with four posts, one in each corner, that support a tester.
  • A hammock is a piece of suspended fabric.
  • A hideaway bed, invented by Sarah E. Goode in response to the needs of apartment-dwellers, folds up into another piece of furniture, such as a shelf or desk, when not in use.
  • A hospital bed is specifically designed to facilitate convalescence, traditionally in a hospital or nursing facility, but increasingly in other settings, such as a private residence. Modern hospital beds commonly have wheels to assist in moderate relocation, but they are larger and generally more permanently placed than a gurney. The "hospital bed" is also a common unit of measurement for the capacity of any type of inpatient medical facility, though it is just as common to shorten the term to "bed" in that usage.
  • An infant bed (also "crib" or "cot") is a small bed specifically for babies and infants.
  • An iron bed, developed in the 1850s, is constructed of iron and steel.
  • A kang bed-stove is a Chinese ceramic room heater used as the platform for a bed.
  • A Manjaa is a traditional Punjabi bed made of tied ropes bordered by a wooden frame.
  • A mourning bed ("illustration") is a formal canopied bed, with the deceased, a wax effigy, or symbols of rank
  • A Murphy bed or wallbed is a bed that can hinge into a wall or cabinet to save space.
  • A pallet is a thin, lightweight mattress.
  • A platform bed is a mattress resting on a solid, flat raised surface, either free-standing or part of the structure of the room.
  • A roll-away bed (or "cot") is a bed whose frame folds in half and rolls in order to be more easily stored and moved.
  • A rope bed is a pre-modern bed whose wooden frame includes crossing rope to support the typically down-filled single mattress.
  • A sofabed is a bed that is stored inside a sofa.
  • A state bed developed in Early Modern Europe from a hieratic canopy of state.
  • A toddler bed is a small bed for young children.
  • A trundle bed or "truckle bed" is a bed usually stored beneath a twin bed also sometimes referred to as a "sleepover bed".
  • A vibrating bed is typically a coin-operated novelty found in a vintage motel. For a fee, the mattress vibrates for a duration of time. Alternatively it is a modern bed which vibrates by use of an off-centre motor. It is controlled by electronics for varying time and amplitude settings and is used therapeutically to ease back pains.
  • A waterbed is a mattress full of water.

  Bed frames

Bed frames, also called bed steads, are made of wood or metal. The frame is made up of head, foot, and side rails. For heavy duty or larger frames (such as for queen- and king-sized beds), the bed frame also includes a center support rail. These rails are assembled to create a box for the mattress or mattress/box spring to sit on.

Types of bed frames include:

  • platform – typically used without a box spring
  • captain – has drawers beneath the frame to make use of the space between the floor and the bed frame
  • waterbed – a heavy-duty frame built specifically to support the weight of the water in the mattress (Mainly used on larger models)

Though not truly parts of a bed frame, headboards, footboards, and bed rails can be included in the definition. Headboards and footboards can be wood or metal. They can be stained, painted, or covered in fabric or leather.

Bed rails are made of wood or metal and are attached to a headboard and footboard. Wooden slats are placed perpendicular to the bed rails to support the mattress/mattress box spring.

Bed rails and frames are often attached to the bed post using knock-down fittings.[13][14] A knock-down fitting enables the bed to be easily dismantled for removal. Primary knock-down fittings for bed rails are as follows:

  • Pin-and-hook fastener. A mortise or slot is cut vertically in the bedpost. Pins are inserted horizontally in the bed post so that the pins perpendicularly intersect the mortise. For example, if one looked in the mortise, one might see part of one horizontal pin at the bottom of the mortise and a part of a second pin toward the top of the mortise. Hooks are installed at the end of the rail. Usually these hooks are part of a plate that is attached to the rail. The hooks then are inserted into the bed post mortise and hook over the pins.
  • Plate-and-hook fastener. Instead of pins inserted horizontally into the bedpost, an eye plate (post plate) is installed on the bedpost. The hooks are installed on the rail, either as surface mount or recessed. Depending on the hardware, the bedpost may require a mortise in order to allow the hooks to fasten to the plate. This is also referred to as a keyhole fastener, especially if the connector is more of a "plug" than a "hook".
  • Bed bolts ("through-bolts") are a different means of a knock-down connection. A hole is typically drilled through the bedpost. The bolt head is inset and covered with a plug. In the rail, a dowel nut or other type of nut receives the bolt. The springs are made from metal, which are swirled for maximum comfort

Safety rails,[15] or cot sides, can be added to the sides of a bed (normally a child's bed) to stop anyone falling out of the sides of the bed. A safety rail is normally a piece of wood that attaches to the side rails on one or both sides of the bed. They are made so that they can be easily removed when no longer required.

  See also


  References

  1. ^ "Bed". The Free Dictionary By Farlex. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/BEd. Retrieved 2012-16-05. 
  2. ^ "Bed". Merriam-Webster. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bed. Retrieved 2012-16-05. 
  3. ^ "Box spring". inventors.about.com. http://inventors.about.com/od/bstartinventions/a/bed.htm. 
  4. ^ "Skara Brae – The Furniture". orkneyjar.com. http://www.orkneyjar.com/history/skarabrae/furniture.htm. 
  5. ^ "Beds throughout history". bettersleep.org. http://www.bettersleep.org/Mattressology/bed_in_history.asp. 
  6. ^ "?". imagesofafghanistan.com. http://www.imagesofafghanistan.com/images/AsleeponaCharpoy.jpg. [dead link]
  7. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChambers, Ephraim, ed. (1728). "article name needed". Cyclopaedia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences (first ed.). James and John Knapton, et al.  "?". History of Science and Technology. http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/HistSciTech/HistSciTech-idx?type=turn&entity=HistSciTech000900240244&isize=L. [dead link]
  8. ^ a b "Medieval Furniture & Home Decor". furniturestyles.net. http://www.furniturestyles.net/medieval/. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 
  9. ^ "Even Beds Go King-Size" Popular Mechanics, December 1954, p.128, bottom of page.
  10. ^ Brooklyn Museum. "Decorative Arts: Convertible Bed in Form of Upright Piano". http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/opencollection/objects/1808/Convertible_Bed_in_Form_of_Upright_Piano. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  11. ^ (English) "Bed (Lit à la Polonaise)". getty.edu. http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=7106. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  12. ^ "Captain’s bed". Dictionary.com. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/captains+bed?s=t. Retrieved 2012-26-05. 
  13. ^ "Historical Guide: Bed Hardware". whitechapel-ltd.com. http://www.whitechapel-ltd.com/hist/bed_hardware.shtml. 
  14. ^ "Bed Rail Fastener Options". home-improvement-and-financing.com. http://www.home-improvement-and-financing.com/bed-rail-fastener.html. 
  15. ^ "Picture". srbworld.com. http://www.srbworld.com/productimages/SR-1301-GS-V2/1.jpg. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 

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