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|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Mol. mass||471.538 g/mol|
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The chemical structure of cefmetazole, like that of several other cephalosporins, contains an N-methylthiotetrazole (NMTT or 1-MTT) side chain. As the antibiotic is broken down in the body, it releases free NMTT, which can cause hypoprothrombinemia (likely due to inhibition of the enzyme vitamin K epoxide reductase) and a reaction with ethanol similar to that produced by disulfiram (Antabuse), due to inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase.
- ^ Stork CM (2006). "Antibiotics, antifungals, and antivirals". in Nelson LH, Flomenbaum N, Goldfrank LR, Hoffman RL, Howland MD, Lewin NA (eds.). Goldfrank's toxicologic emergencies. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 847. ISBN 0-07-143763-0. http://books.google.com/books?id=cvJuLqBxGUcC&pg=PA847. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
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