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definición - East_Chicago,_Indiana

definición de East_Chicago,_Indiana (Wikipedia)

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Wikipedia

East Chicago, Indiana

                   
City of East Chicago, Indiana
—  City  —
Chicago Avenue in East Chicago

Seal
Nickname(s): Indiana Harbor, The Harbor, E.C., Atlantas
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 41°38′20″N 87°27′44″W / 41.63889°N 87.46222°W / 41.63889; -87.46222Coordinates: 41°38′20″N 87°27′44″W / 41.63889°N 87.46222°W / 41.63889; -87.46222
Country United States
State Indiana
County Lake
Government
 • Mayor Anthony Copeland (D)
Area
 • Total 16.15 sq mi (40.5 km2)
 • Land 14.09 sq mi (31.0 km2)
 • Water 2.06 sq mi (9.5 km2)
Elevation 591 ft (180 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 29,698
 • Density 2,706/sq mi (1,044.7/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 46312
Area code(s) 219
FIPS code 18-19486[1]
GNIS feature ID 0433875[2]
Website www.eastchicago.com
Historical populations
Census Pop.
1890 1,255
1900 3,411 171.8%
1910 19,098 459.9%
1920 35,967 88.3%
1930 54,784 52.3%
1940 54,637 −0.3%
1950 54,263 −0.7%
1960 57,669 6.3%
1970 46,982 −18.5%
1980 39,786 −15.3%
1990 33,892 −14.8%
2000 32,414 −4.4%
2010 29,698 −8.4%
Source: US Census Bureau

East Chicago is a city in Lake County, Indiana. The population was 29,698 at the 2010 census. It is the home of Marktown, Clayton Mark's planned worker community.[3]


Contents

  Geography

East Chicago is located at 41°38′20″N 87°27′44″W / 41.63889°N 87.46222°W / 41.63889; -87.46222 (41.638885, -87.462140)[4].

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 16.15 square miles (41.8 km2), of which 14.09 square miles (36.5 km2) (or 87.24%) is land and 2.06 square miles (5.3 km2) (or 12.76%) is water.[5]

  Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 32,414 people, 11,707 households, and 7,937 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,706.3 people per square mile (1,044.7/km²). There were 13,261 housing units at an average density of 1,107.2 per square mile (427.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 36.54% White, 36.08% African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 23.98% from other races, and 2.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 51.61% of the population. Whites who are not Hispanic or Latino were 12.10% of the city's population. 54.3% spoke English, 42.9% Spanish and 1.2% Polish as their first languages.

There were 11,707 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.8% were married couples living together, 26.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,538, and the median income for a family was $31,778. Males had a median income of $32,588 versus $21,678 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,517. About 22.5% of families and 24.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.3% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.

  Transportation

The nearest commercial airport to East Chicago is the Gary/Chicago International Airport in neighboring Gary. The South Shore Line (NICTD) has a station in East Chicago. US 12 and US 20 go through the Indiana Harbor and East Chicago sections of the city, respectively, before joining up on both sides. Indiana State Road 912, the Cline Avenue Expressway, connects East Chicago with the Indiana Toll Road and Borman Expressway, and serves the casino and steel mills on the lakefront.

  Bus Transit

The city operates a free bus service known as East Chicago Transit. It features three routes: Route 1 Crosstown, Route 2 West Calumet, and Route 4 Woodmar Mall. In addition, Northwest Indiana RBA operates two routes that run through East Chicago - Green Route and Orange Route. The former primarily runs along Indianapolis Boulevard, running from Chicago's East Side neighborhood to Whiting, Hammond, East Chicago and Highland. The later runs between East Chicago and Hammond. GPRT Route 12 stops in East Chicago on its way from Hammond to Gary. Finally, PACE runs Route 892, a special work shuttle that runs between Gary, East Chicago and UPS' Hodgkins facility. Its schedule is designed to coincide with UPS workers' shifts. The route is operated in cooperation with UPS, which partially funds its operations.

  Neighborhoods

  • Indiana Harbor
  • North Harbor
  • Washington Park
  • Prairie Park
  • Sunnyside
  • Lakeside
  • East Chicago
  • Northside
  • Southside
  • Calumet
  • Roxana Park
  • New Addition (West Harbor)
  • Marktown

  Education

East Chicago Public Library System operates a main library at 2401 East Columbus Drive and the Robert A. Pastrick Branch Library at 1008 West Chicago Avenue at Baring Avenue.[6]

  Industry

  Aerial view of Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal, flanked by Indiana Harbor Works

East Chicago is home to the following business and industry:

  Notable people

  References

  External links

   
               

 

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