definición de London_Borough_of_Harrow (Wikipedia)
|London Borough of Harrow|
|— London borough —|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Admin HQ||Civic Centre
|Incorporated||1 April 1965|
|• Type||London borough council|
|• Body||Harrow Borough Council|
|• Leadership||Leader and Cabinet (Labour)|
|• Mayor||Cllr Asad Omar|
|• MPs||Gareth Thomas
|• London Assembly||Navin Shah AM for Brent and Harrow|
|• EU Parliament||London|
|• Total||19.49 sq mi (50.47 km2)|
|Area rank||270th (of 326)|
|Population (2010 est.)|
|• Rank||62nd (of 326)|
|• Density||12,000/sq mi (4,600/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||47.5% White British
3.7% White Irish
4.9% Other White
0.7% White & Black Caribbean
0.4% White & Black African
1.0% White & Asian
0.9% Other Mixed
5.5% Other Asian
3.0% Black Caribbean
3.5% Black African
0.5% Other Black
|Time zone||GMT (UTC0)|
|• Summer (DST)||BST (UTC+1)|
|Postcodes||HA , NW|
|Police force||Metropolitan Police|
The London Borough of Harrow (//) is a London borough of north-west London, England. It borders Hertfordshire to the north and other London boroughs: Hillingdon to the west, Ealing to the south, Brent to the south-east and Barnet to the east.
The town was formed in 1934 as an urban district of Middlesex by the Middlesex Review Order 1934, as a merger of the former area of Harrow on the Hill Urban District, Hendon Rural District and Wealdstone Urban District. The local authority was Harrow Urban District Council.
The urban district gained the status of municipal borough on 4 May 1954 and the urban district council became Harrow Borough Council. The 50th anniversary of the incorporation as a borough was celebrated in April 2004, which included a visit by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.
In 1965 the municipal borough was abolished and its former area was transferred to Greater London from Middlesex under the London Government Act 1963 to form the London Borough of Harrow. It is uniquely the only London borough to replicate exactly the unchanged boundaries of a single former district. This was probably because its population was large enough. According to the 1961 census it had a population of 209 080, making it the largest local government district in Middlesex.
The presence of Harrow School on the main 'hill' of Harrow has preserved it as a very affluent, leafy area (recent house price averages on the hill were £1,500,000), but the affluence of the hill is now surrounded by typical north-west London suburbia of semi-detached houses and flats.
It is still considered affluent in comparison to other similar areas of London. Crime figures are low; the borough had 2,618 notifiable offences in April 2009, compared with an average of 2,204 across London's boroughs. Harrow Council is focusing regeneration efforts on areas such as Wealdstone and South Harrow and many new 'key service workers'-type flats are springing up. In the north part of the borough, there is a greenbelt strip of highly affluent housing in the areas of Northwood, Pinner and Stanmore. Its site on and near the greenbelt and ease of access to central London (20 minutes by train to Marylebone and 12 minutes to Euston via London Midland) makes Harrow a good place to live not only for families but affluent singles as well. Rising property prices in all London areas have helped to see a large increase in property redevelopment of its existing Edwardian and 1920s to 1940s housing stock, which in turn is attracting new residents looking for a clean, safe, and relatively green environment to live in, close to central London.
Harrow is considered a borough of "contrasts", with high levels of affluence in such areas Harrow-on-the-Hill, Pinner, and Stanmore and high levels of deprivation in Wealdstone. Save the Children reported in 2011 that over 7,000 children are living in poverty in the Borough.
Harrow is a diverse borough, having 63.8% of its population from the BME (Black and Minority Ethnic) communities, with the largest group being of Indian ethnicity.(Specifically those from Gujarat and South India.) The borough can also claim to have the largest concentration of Sri Lankan Tamils in the UK and Ireland (North Harrow, South Harrow, Rayners Lane) as well as having the highest density of Gujarati Hindus in the UK. Since 2005, on the last Sunday in June Harrow Council hosts Under One Sky - Harrow's largest festival, to celebrate and the joint communities of Harrow. This has a programme of dance, world music, sports activity, youth music, spoken word, free children's activity, a carnival parade, information and stalls, health promotion, a world food zone and outside radio broadcast. Harrow is the most religiously diverse local authority area in the UK, with a 62% chance that two random people are from different religions, according to Office of National Statistics, Oct 2006. National Statistics. Retrieved 5 June 2006.</ref> A large number of Jewish people live in Stanmore and Hatch End. The Stanmore and Canons Park Synagogue boasts the largest membership of any single synagogue in the whole of Europe.
Harrow is divided into 21 wards, each represented by three councillors. After the most recent council elections, the borough is currently controlled by the Labour Party.The number of councillors are as follows: Labour 34, Conservative 26, Independent 2, Liberal Democrat 1.
The borough is often perceived as having a good educational record, and features many state-funded primary and secondary schools as well as a handful of large tertiary colleges. The state school system differs slightly from other London Boroughs, with entry to secondary school starting at the age of 12+ as opposed to 11+, following on from middle schools. Similarly, for a long time the secondary schools of Harrow did not feature integrated sixth-form education, with all school leavers having to join the large tertiary colleges such as Harrow College, Stanmore College or St Dominic's Sixth Form College. There have been critics of the tertiary colleges, with many arguing the standard of education does not continue the standard set by the Borough's secondary schools. Indeed, Harrow suffers a significant number of pupils leaving the Borough for their tertiary education. However, as of 2005-2006 session, select Harrow secondary schools introduced sixth forms in the hope to retain more of the pupils and to provide them an alternative to the large tertiary colleges. From September 2010, the primary sector will be modified to enable transfer to secondary education at age 11 in line with other London Boroughs.
The Borough has a Music Service which provides instrumental tuition for 15% of all Harrow state sector pupils (the national figure is 8% of all state pupils receiving instrumental tuition) and a range of ensemble opportunities for pupils.
The independent schools of the Borough are dominated by the presence of Harrow School, John Lyon School for boys, North London Collegiate School for girls, and Heathfield School, Pinner for girls, which consistently rank as among the best schools in the country. Notable independent primary schools include Orley Farm School and Reddiford School, both of which are co-educational.
There are also a number of voluntary aided schools in the Borough. These include: Salvatorian College (Roman Catholic, Boys), Sacred Heart Language College (Roman Catholic, Girls) and Moriah Jewish Day School (Jewish, Co-ed).
There are two special needs high schools; Kingsley High School (Co-ed) and Shaftesbury High School (Co-ed).
Other state secondary schools in the London Borough of Harrow are: Bentley Wood High School (Girls); Canons High School (Co-ed); Harrow High School (Co-ed); Hatch End High School (Co-ed); Nower Hill High School (Co-ed); Park High School (Co-ed); Rooks Heath College(Co-ed); Whitmore High School (Co-ed).
Middle schools include Whitchurch Middle School.
|School||A*-C Pass Rate
|A*-C Pass Rate
|A*-C Pass Rate
|A*-C Pass Rate
|Bentley Wood High School||59%||58%||61%||30%||69%||36%|
|Canons High School||49%||46%||54%||2%||52%||12%|
|Harrow High School||52%||43%||31%||5%||35%||3%|
|Hatch End High School||51%||59%||55%||24%||49%||20%|
|Nower Hill High School||68%||57%||79%||27%||78%||16%|
|Park High School||66%||72%||66%||15%||71%||23%|
|Rooks Heath College||37%||42%||52%||11%||48%||12%|
|Sacred Heart College||76%||86%||77%||53%||84%||59%|
|Whitmore High School||65%||64%||60%||35%||70%||40%|
|Average for London Borough of Harrow||57.7%||60.8%||60.7%||22.6%||tba||tba|
|Average for England||47.6%||50.7%||55.2%||15.1%||tba||tba|
The London Borough of Harrow has one of the highest pupil exclusion rates in Greater London, coming second to the London Borough of Croydon.
|School||No. of Permanent Exclusions||School||No. of One-term Exclusions|
|Nower Hill High School||0||Bentley Wood High School||68|
|Bentley Wood High School||1||Canons High School||68|
|Harrow High School||1||Nower Hill High School||70|
|Rooks Heath High School||3||Park High School||71|
|Whitmore High School||4||Whitmore High School||75|
|Park High School||4||Salvatorian College||87|
|Salvatorian College||5||Harrow High School||135|
|Hatch End High School||10||Rooks Heath High School||161|
|Canons High School||11||Hatch End High School||230|
Note: The figures for Sacred Heart High School are not included.
All of Harrow's pupils have the chance to be elected on to the Harrow Youth Parliament. This is a group of around 50 young people in the Borough who come together to work on projects that benefit other young people. They are also the official youth voice for the Council and are in constant communication with the Council on all youth matters.
The London borough of Harrow two several Non-League football clubs:
Five of the 30 cricket clubs which play in the Middlesex County Cricket League are based in the London Borough of Harrow: Harrow, Harrow St Marys, Harrow Town, Kenton, and Stanmore.
|HARROW COUNCIL||ENGLAND AVERAGE|
|Violence against the person||18.6||15.0|
|Burglary dwelling offences||7.4||4.3|
|Theft of a vehicle offences||2.6||2.3|
|Theft from a vehicle offences||7.4||6.3|
In April 2009, the borough voted unanimously at a full council meeting to support in principle the proposed North and West London Light railway (NWLLR). Harrow would benefit because all its radial Underground and main-line railway routes would be interconnected by this light-rail system, even though it would not actually pass through the borough.
London bus route 32, 79, 92, 107, 114, 140, 142, 182, 183, 186, 204, 223, 251, 258, 282, 288, 292, 302, 303, 324, 340, 395, 398, 487, H9, H10, H11, H12, H13, H14, H17, H18, H19, night route N5, N18 and N98.
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