Contenido de sensagent
|Part of a series on the|
|Sura · Ayah|
|Adam · Noah · Abraham · Joseph (son of Jacob) · Moses
King David · King Solomon · Mary
Jesus · Muhammad
|Tajwid · Hizb · Tarteel · Quranic guardian
Manzil · Qari' · Juz' · Rasm · Ruku' · Sujud
|List of translations · English translations|
|Meccan suras · Medinan suras|
|Persons related to verses · Justice
Asbab al-nuzul · Naskh · Biblical narratives
Tahrif · Bakkah · Muqatta'at
|Quran and Sunnah|
|Literalism · Miracles · Science
|Shia · Criticism · Desecration
Surah of Wilaya and Nurayn · Tanazzulat
Qisas Al-Anbiya · House of the Quran
The Meccan suras are the chronologically earlier suras of the Qur'an that were, according to Islamic tradition, revealed anytime before the Hijrah (pilgrimage of the Prophet Muhammed from Makkah to Medina). The other type of sura is the Madinan sura.
Meccan suras are typically shorter, with relatively short ayat, and mostly come near the end of the Qur'an. Most of the suras containing Muqatta'at are Makki. A detail characteristics of Makki and Madani Sura can be found here.
The division of surahs into 'Meccan surahs' and 'Medinan surahs' is primarily a consequence of stylistic and thematic considerations. Classification of the surahs into these periods is based upon factors such as the length of the verse and the presence or absence of certain key concepts or word (e.g. al-Rahman as name of God).
One proposed chronological order consists of 86 suras, as follows:
Theodor Nöldeke proposed a different chronological order, consisting of 90 suras, as follows:
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