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definición - Okinawa Airakuen Sanatorium

definición de Okinawa Airakuen Sanatorium (Wikipedia)

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Okinawa Airakuen Sanatorium

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Okinawa Airakuen Sanatorium, (National Sanatorium Okinawa Airakuen) is a sanatorium for leprosy patients or ex-leprosy patients at Sumuide, Nago-shi, Okinawa-ken, Japan starting in 1938.

Contents

History

History before the sanatorium

major changes

  • Nov 10, 1938: Okinawa Prefectural Kunigami Airakuen Sanatorium opened.
  • Apr 1, 1941: National Kunigami Airakuen Sanatorium.
  • Apr 25, 1946: Under American Military Government.
  • Apr 1, 1952: Ryukyu Government Kungami Airakuen.
  • Aug 26, 1961: Hansen's disease prevenetion law of Okinawa promulgated.
  • May 15, 1972: Okinawa returned to Japan. "National Sanatorium Okinawa Airakuen"
  • Apr 1, 1996: The previous leprosy prevention law was abondoned.

Sanatorium and the war

  • In Sept 1944, they digged many air-raid shelters.
  • 400 new leprosy patients were hospitalized by the Japanese army in September 1944, to a total of 913 patients. Food and housing conditions were miserable.
  • April 1, 1945, American army landed at Chatan.
  • April 10, 1945, Director Koh Hayata allowed patients to leave the sanatorium.
  • April 21, the Sanatorium was occupied after hand-to-hand fighting.
  • May 4, the Sanatorium was formally occupied.

After the war

  • August 1945, the director of the army hospital visited the Sanatorium.
  • March 8, 1946, the "Yagaji Sanatorium", meaning the sanatorium on the Yagaji Island, became the restricted area.
  • In 1949, Dr.V.Scorebrand visited the Sanatorium, and tried to use promin.
  • In July, 1953, Dr.Doull visited Okinawa for two months and reported various recommendations concerning leprosy.
  • In March 1951, Okinawa "Save-Leprosy Patient" Association started.
  • In Febr 1954, the Jichi-kai(Patients' association) of the Airakuen started "Tomonokai", an association for those who were discharged from the Airakuen and Miyako Nanseien.
  • In Feb 1960, an outpatient clinic started in Naha City. Similar clinics were built later in Ishigaki -jima and Miyako -jima.
  • In March 1957, the Japanese Government started to send leprosy specialists to two Okinawan sanatoriums.
  • In 1967, Okinawan schoolchildren surveys were started.
  • Apr 1996:The 1953 Leprosy Prevention Law was abolished.
  • Jul 1998: The trial for compensation started.
  • May 11, 2001: The trial for compensation ruled that the previous Leprosy Prevention was unconstitutional.
  • May 25, 2001: The trial for compensation was confirmed. The compensation of 8,000,000 yen to 14,000,000 yen was given to patients depending on the duration of unconstitutional periods.

Number of In-Patients

YearNumber of In-patients
1945657
1950881
1955909
1960936
1965755
1970670
1975655
1980697
1985641
1990583
1995539
1999472

[1]

YearNumber of In-patients
2003355
2004341
2005326
2006309
2007291
2008276

[2]

References

  • The transitions of the leprosy policy(1999) Kazuo Saikawa, Okinawa Leprosy Prevention Association. in Japanese.
  • Leprosy in Japan

Notes

  1. Fukken eno Jitsugetsu (2001)Koyo Shuppansha Tokyo p.374
  2. 2009,1,5

External links

 

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Contenido de sensagent

  • definiciones
  • sinónimos
  • antónimos
  • enciclopedia

  • definition
  • synonym

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