Contenido de sensagent
1.a wingless sterile ant or termite having a large head and powerful jaws adapted for defending the colony
2.an enlisted man or woman who serves in an army"the soldiers stood at attention"
1.serve as a soldier in the military
SoldierSol"dier (?), n. [OE. souldier, soudiour, souder, OF. soldier, soldoier, soldeier, sodoier, soudoier, soudier, fr. L. solidus a piece of money (hence applied to the pay of a soldier), fr. solidus solid. See Solid, and cf. Sold, n.]
1. One who is engaged in military service as an officer or a private; one who serves in an army; one of an organized body of combatants.
I am a soldier and unapt to weep. Shak.
2. Especially, a private in military service, as distinguished from an officer.
It were meet that any one, before he came to be a captain, should have been a soldier. Spenser.
3. A brave warrior; a man of military experience and skill, or a man of distinguished valor; -- used by way of emphasis or distinction. Shak.
4. (Zoöl.) The red or cuckoo gurnard (Trigla pini.) [Prov. Eng.]
5. (Zoöl.) One of the asexual polymorphic forms of white ants, or termites, in which the head and jaws are very large and strong. The soldiers serve to defend the nest. See Termite.
Soldier beetle (Zoöl.), an American carabid beetle (Chauliognathus Americanus) whose larva feeds upon other insects, such as the plum curculio. -- Soldier bug (Zoöl.), any hemipterous insect of the genus Podisus and allied genera, as the spined soldier bug (Podius spinosus). These bugs suck the blood of other insects. -- Soldier crab (Zoöl.) (a) The hermit crab. (b) The fiddler crab. -- Soldier fish (Zoöl.), a bright-colored etheostomoid fish (Etheostoma cœruleum) found in the Mississippi River; -- called also blue darter, and rainbow darter. -- Soldier fly (Zoöl.), any one of numerous species of small dipterous flies of the genus Stratyomys and allied genera. They are often bright green, with a metallic luster, and are ornamented on the sides of the back with markings of yellow, like epaulets or shoulder straps. -- Soldier moth (Zoöl.), a large geometrid moth (Euschema militaris), having the wings bright yellow with bluish black lines and spots. -- Soldier orchis (Bot.), a kind of orchis (Orchis militaris).
SoldierSol"dier, v. i.
1. To serve as a soldier.
2. To make a pretense of doing something, or of performing any task. [Colloq.U.S.]
☞ In this sense the vulgar pronounciation (sō"jẽr) is jocosely preserved.
It needs an opera glass to discover whether the leaders are pulling, or only soldiering. C. D. Warner.
Confederate soldier • Federal soldier • Union soldier • Unknown Soldier • become a soldier • common soldier • foot soldier • old soldier • shipboard soldier • soldier grainy club • soldier of fortune • soldier on • soldier pile wall • soldier-beetle • soldier-fish • toy soldier • veteran soldier • young soldier
man, military man, military personnel, serviceman - semiskilled worker, skilled worker, skilled workman, trained worker - pass, spend - accomplishment, acquirement, acquisition, attainment, skill[Hyper.]
les corps d'armées (fr)[Classe]
troupe militaire (fr)[termes liés]
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German soldiers in Bosnia
A soldier is a member of the land component of national armed forces; whereas a soldier hired for service in a foreign army would be termed a mercenary. The majority of cognates of the word "soldier" that exist in other languages have a meaning that embraces both commissioned and non-commissioned officers in national land forces.
The word soldier entered modern English in the 14th century, from the equivalent Middle English word soudeour, from Anglo-French soudeer or soudeour, meaning mercenary, from soudee, meaning shilling's worth or wage, from sou or soud, shilling. The word is also related to the Medieval Latin soldarius, meaning soldier (literally, "one having pay"). These words were ultimately derived from the Late Latin word solidus, referring to an Ancient Roman coin used in the Byzantine Empire.
In most armed forces use of the word soldier has taken on a more general meaning, due to the increasing specialization of military occupations that require different areas of knowledge and skill-sets. As a result, "soldiers" are referred to by names or ranks which reflect an individual's military occupation specialty arm, service or branch of military employment, their type of unit, or operational employment or technical use such as: trooper, tanker, commando, dragoon, infantryman, marine, paratrooper, ranger, sniper, engineer, sapper, medic, or a gunner.
In many countries soldiers serving in specific occupations are referred to by terms other than their occupational name. For example military police personnel in the UK are known as "redcaps" from the colour of their berets or other headwear.
French Marine Infantry are called marsouins (French: porpoises) because of their amphibious role. Military units in most armies have nicknames of this type, arising either from items of distinctive uniform, some historical connotation or rivalry between branches or regiments.
Most soldiers serve a single term, especially draftees. Others choose to serve until retirement; then they receive a pension and other benefits. In the USA, servicemembers can retire at 20 years. In other services, 30 years (hence the term "30-year man").
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