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alemán árabe búlgaro checo chino coreano croata danés eslovaco esloveno español estonio farsi finlandés francés griego hebreo hindù húngaro indonesio inglés islandés italiano japonés letón lituano malgache neerlandés noruego polaco portugués rumano ruso serbio sueco tailandès turco vietnamita

definición - Voiced_palatal_fricative

definición de Voiced_palatal_fricative (Wikipedia)

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Wikipedia

Voiced palatal fricative

                   
Voiced palatal fricative
ʝ
IPA number 139
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ʝ
Unicode (hex) U+029D
X-SAMPA j\
Kirshenbaum C<vcd>
Sound
 
Voiced palatal fricative.ogg
 

The voiced palatal fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ʝ⟩ (crossed-tail j), or in broad transcriptionj⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is j\.

The voiced palatal fricative is a very rare sound, occurring in only seven of the 317 languages surveyed by the original UCLA Phonological Segment Inventory Database.[citation needed] In five of the languages listed below (Kabyle, Margi, Belgian Dutch,[1] Modern Greek, and Scottish Gaelic) this sound occurs phonemically along with its voiceless counterpart and in several more as a result of phonological processes.

Contents

  Features

Features of the voiced palatal fricative:

  Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Asturian frayar [ˈfräʝäɾ] 'to destroy'
Berber Kabyle cceǥ [ ʃʃəʝ] 'to slip'
Catalan Majorcan[2] figuera [fiˈʝeɾə] 'fig tree' Occurs in complementary distribution with [ɟ]. Corresponds to [ɣ] in other varieties. See Catalan phonology
Dutch goed About this sound [ ʝut] 'good' More common in southern Dutch dialects, including all of Dutch-speaking Belgium.[3] See Dutch phonology
West Frisian[citation needed] hja [ ʝa] 'she/they' Mostly used in older more formal forms.
Greek[4] γεια geia [ ʝa] 'hello' See Modern Greek phonology
Hungarian[5] dobj be [dobʝ bɛ] 'throw (one/some) in' An allophone of /j/. See Hungarian phonology.
Irish[6] an ghrian [ənʲ ˈʝɾʲiən̪ˠ] 'the sun' See Irish phonology
Pashto Wardak dialect[7] موږ [muʝ] 'we'
Ripuarian zeije [ˈtsɛʝə] 'to show'
Scottish Gaelic[8] dhiubh [ˈʝu] 'of them' See Scottish Gaelic phonology
Spanish[9] sayo [ˈsaʝo̞] 'smock' More often is an approximant. May also be represented by <ll> in certain dialects. See Spanish phonology
Swedish[10] jord About this sound [ ʝuːɖ ] 'soil' See Swedish phonology

  See also

  References

  1. ^ Jo Verhoeven, Belgian Standard Dutch, Journal of the International Phonetic Association (2005), 35:2:243-247 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0025100305002173
  2. ^ Wheeler (2005:22–23)
  3. ^ Pieter van Reenen; Nanette Huijs (2000). "De harde en de zachte g, de spelling gh versus g voor voorklinker in het veertiende-eeuwse Middelnederlands." (in Dutch). Taal en Tongval, 52(Thema nr.), 159-181. http://www.meertens.knaw.nl/taalentongval/artikelen/Reenen_Huijs.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  4. ^ Nicolaidis (2003:?)
  5. ^ Gósy, Mária (2004): Fonetika, a beszéd tudománya. Budapest: Osiris, pp. 77, 130
  6. ^ Ó Sé (2000:17)
  7. ^ Michael M.T. Henderson, Four Varieties of Pashto
  8. ^ Oftedal, M. (1956) The Gaelic of Leurbost. Olso. Norsk Tidskrift for Sprogvidenskap.
  9. ^ Martínez-Celdrán, Fernández-Planas & Carrera-Sabaté (2003:255)
  10. ^ Engstrand (1999:140)

  Bibliography

  • Engstrand, Olle (1999). "Swedish". Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A Guide to the usage of the International Phonetic Alphabet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 140–142. ISBN 0-521-63751-1. 
  • Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina (2003), "Castilian Spanish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (2): 255–259, DOI:10.1017/S0025100303001373 
  • Nicolaidis, Katerina (2003), "An electropalatographic study of palatals in Greek", in D. Theophanopoulou-Kontou; C. Lascaratou; M. Sifianou et al., Current trends in Greek Linguistics (in Greek), Athens: Patakis, pp. 108–127 
  • Ó Sé, Diarmuid (2000), Gaeilge Chorca Dhuibhne, Dublin: Institiúid Teangeolaíochta Éireann, ISBN 0-946452-97-0  (Irish)
  • Wheeler, Max W (2005), The Phonology Of Catalan, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-925814-7 
   
               

 

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