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alemán árabe búlgaro checo chino coreano croata danés eslovaco esloveno español estonio farsi finlandés francés griego hebreo hindù húngaro indonesio inglés islandés italiano japonés letón lituano malgache neerlandés noruego polaco portugués rumano ruso serbio sueco tailandès turco vietnamita

definición - White_tie

white-tie (adj.)

1.requiring white ties and tailcoats for men"a white-tie occasion"

white tie (n.)

1.formalwear consisting of full evening dress for men

2.bow tie worn as part of a man's formal evening dress

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definición (más)

definición de White_tie (Wikipedia)

sinónimos - White_tie

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diccionario analógico


white-tie (adj.)


White tie


Western dress codes

  Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in a top hat and white tie. Black waistcoats were initially a popular alternative to the standard white pique; near the middle of the 20th century they waned in popularity and white became the most used color of waistcoat to be worn with white tie.

White tie (or evening dress, full evening dress; slang top hat and tails or white tie and tails, tailsuit, tails) is the most formal evening dress code in Western fashion. It is worn to ceremonial occasions such as state dinners in some countries, as well as to very formal balls and evening weddings. The chief components for men are the black dress coat commonly known as an evening tailcoat, white bow tie, white waistcoat and starched wing collar shirt, while women wear a suitable dress for the occasion, such as an evening gown.

As evening dress, white tie is traditionally considered correct only after 6 p.m. although some etiquette authorities allow for it anytime after dark even if that means prior to 6 p.m.[1] The equivalent formal attire for daytime events is called morning dress. The less formal evening counterpart of white tie is black tie.



  Men's clothes

Formal evening dress is strictly regulated, and properly consists of[2]:

  • Black or midnight blue dress coat (commonly known as an evening tailcoat) with silk (grosgrain or satin) facings, horizontally cut-away at the front
  • Trousers of matching fabric with one single wide stripe or two narrow stripes of satin or braid in the United States, two stripes in Europe; and are worn with braces (suspenders in the U.S.)
  • White plain stiff-fronted cotton shirt (usually cotton marcella, known as piqué in the U.S.)
  • White stiff wing collar, preferably detachable
  • White bow tie (usually cotton marcella)
  • White low-cut waistcoat (usually cotton marcella, matching the bow tie and shirt)
  • Black silk socks or stockings
  • Black court pumps (with black silk bows)
  • Miniature decorations, if so entitled

The waistcoat and bow tie are usually made of cotton marcella (known in the United States as "piqué"), although plain white or off-white silk bow ties and waistcoats are sometimes worn. Many menswear authorities today [3] assert that the bottom of the waistcoat should not be visible below the front cutaway of the tailcoat. This has been the prevalent view in the United States since the 1920s, where actors such as Fred Astaire popularized the look of the unbroken black line from neck to feet which lengthened their silhouettes on-camera. The practice was also reinforced repeatedly by authorities dating back to at least World War I[4] and is adhered to in numerous fashion magazines dating back to at least the 1840s.[5] However, since full evening dress is the most conservative form of men's dress, and has otherwise changed very little since the 1870s when the bottom of the waistcoat was visible below the cutaway of the tailcoat[citation needed], some traditionalists (especially in Europe and among the aristocracy) tend to wear the waistcoat with its hem extending below the cutaway of the tailcoat by 1–2 cm. As for British royal authority on the matter, the waistcoat does not extend below the fronts.[6] Worn either style, the waistcoat must cover the trouser waistline (which should never be seen).

The shirt should have a detachable stand up collar, with a plain but stiffly starched front, though shirts with attached collars are becoming more prevalent. Shirt fronts can be plain linen, plain cotton or cotton marcella. Shirt studs and cufflinks should be silver or white. A white pocket handkerchief and boutonnière may be worn although in France both may not be worn simultaneously and the boutonnière is traditionally a gardenia). At occasions of state, and in the presence of royalty, state decorations are worn by those who have been awarded them: miniature medals plus up to four breast stars, a narrow neck riband and a broad riband (sash).

The hat should be a black silk top hat which may be collapsible—a tradition which arose from the fact that opera houses traditionally lacked a cloak room to hand in a top hat. The overcoat should be a dark dress coat such as a Chesterfield overcoat, Inverness cloak, or opera cloak. White gloves were traditionally considered essential. A silk scarf and cane are optional extras.

At some state and heraldic occasions in Britain, knee-breeches and silk stockings are worn instead of trousers.[7] This is particularly necessary where the garter of the Order of the Garter is intended to be worn. If a Knight of the Garter wears breeches, he wears his garter under his left knee. Ladies of the Garter wear their garters above their left elbows. (Buckled shoes, however, are not correct wear with white tie; rather, 'court pumps' (low-cut patent shoes with black bows) may be worn - either with breeches or with trousers.)

  Women's clothes

Although female dress is not as formally codified as that of men, women are expected to wear full-length dresses such as evening gowns. Dresses with lengths above the ankle (such as cocktail or tea-length dresses) are frowned upon and considered inappropriate. Depending on the formality of the event, bare shoulders may or may not be acceptable. Shawls and long gloves are common accessories. Women's gloves should be white and upper-length/opera-length[citation needed] and are never taken off until seated at a table. Then they are to be put on again after the meal is finished. At the most formal balls, evening gowns are often required to be white. At hunt balls, evening gowns are often required to be black, white, silver or gold.

Where state decorations are worn it will usually be appropriate for royal and aristocratic women to wear tiaras.


Military mess dress may also be seen at a white-tie event on appropriate occasions. At hunt balls (run by fox hunting clubs) members who are entitled to may wear a scarlet tailcoat. This hunt attire is colloquially known as "drinking pinks", to distinguish it from the "pinks" intended to be worn while riding. A hunt ball invitation in America would generally specify the dress code as "black tie, or scarlet if convenient".[citation needed]

  National dress

When specified, national costume may also be worn to white-tie functions.[8]

  Scottish Highland dress

As a specific example of national dress, Scottish Highland dress may also be worn by men at most white-tie events.

The traditional white-tie version of Highland dress consists of:

  • Formal kilt doublet in barathea or velvet— the regulation doublet, Montrose doublet, Sheriffmuir doublet, and Kenmore doublet are suitable in a variety of colours
  • Waistcoat in white marcella, tartan (to match the kilt), or the same material as the doublet; no waistcoat is worn with the Kenmore doublet
  • Kilt with formal kilt pin
  • White stiff-front shirt with wing collar and white, gold, or silver studs and cufflinks for the regulation doublet, or a white formal shirt and optional lace cuffs for the Montrose, Sheriffmuir, and Kenmore doublets
  • White lace jabot; a black silk or white marcella bow tie may be worn in place of the jabot with the regulation doublet (highland wear often includes a black bow tie even at white-tie events)
  • Black formal shoes or black buckle brogues
  • Tartan or diced kilt hose
  • Silk garter flashes or garter ties
  • Silver-mounted sporran in fur, sealskin, or hair with a silver chain belt
  • Black, silver-mounted, and jeweled sgian-dubh
  • Short belted plaid with silver plaid brooch (optional)
  • Scottish dirk (optional)
  • Highland bonnet with badge (only worn out of doors)[9]

Traditional white-tie Lowland dress is a variant of the normal white tie that includes tartan trews rather than the usual trousers and may include a suitable kilt jacket or doublet instead of the tailcoat. Trews are often worn in summer and warm climes.

  Appropriate occasions

  President of the United States Gerald Ford, First Lady Betty Ford, Japanese Emperor Hirohito and Empress Consort Nagako during a state dinner, 1975


The dress coat is also part of other related codes, such as civilian day court dress in the royal court (in the United Kingdom). However, these alternatives are now being replaced by standard white tie for formal state occasions, such as for ambassadors at the State Opening of Parliament.

  United States

In the United States white tie has been replaced by black tie for many formal occasions such as evening weddings, the Academy Awards and even presidential inaugural balls. It is still occasionally seen at:


  Swedish student wearing white tie with couleur
  In some Nordic countries, both male and female doctors wear doctoral hat, instead of opera hat, as part of white tie at all outdoor occasions requiring white tie.

In Austria and elsewhere in Continental Europe there are many balls where white tie is worn; a notable example is the Vienna Opera Ball.

In Finland and Sweden as well as the Netherlands many academic traditions (disputations, commencement ceremonies, and academic balls) still require white tie, even during day time. In these countries, academic traditions require a black waistcoat for day-time ceremonies. If no ladies without doctoral degree are present, it is customary to wear a black waistcoat even in the evening.[11] For formal academic balls of student unions, student nations, and other student organizations, couleur is worn with the white tie.

In some universities (most notably Aalto University), doctoral regalia includes a black tailcoat with facings bearing the insignia of the university, embroidered in gold or silver. Doctors from these universities may wear this regalia at all occasions requiring white tie. On the other hand, doctoral swords are not usually worn during normal white-tie occasions.Doctors may wear their doctoral headgear instead of opera hats even for non-academic occasions.

In Finland and Sweden many weddings are white tie, as are the Nobel Prize ceremony and dinner occasions with the head of state.


In Japan, white tie, or a variant combining the bow tie with a black lounge suit, is worn for school graduation ceremonies by the school principal and the teachers of the graduating students; and also for certain government functions.[citation needed]

  Related forms of dress

White ties were historically worn by clerics and in the professions that formerly were filled by priests and minor clerics. In various forms they are still worn as part of:

White ties are not usually worn with military mess dress, where black ties are most often worn even with the most formal variants, though there are exceptions. In the Royal Navy, mess dress requires a white waistcoat but a black tie.

  See also

  Film in which Fred Astaire sings "Top Hat, White Tie and Tails"


  1. ^ "Formal Tradition". The Black Tie Guide. http://www.blacktieguide.com/Etiquette/Etiquette_Tradition.htm. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Defining White Tie". The Black Tie Guide. http://www.blacktieguide.com/Etiquette/Etiquette_Defining_White_Tie.htm. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Dressing the Man", "Indispensable Guide to Classic Men's Clothing, "Mr. Jones Rules" (UK), History of Men's Fashion: What the Well-Dressed Man is Wearing Today" (UK)
  4. ^ "Vanity Fair" 1918, "Esquire" Jan 1935, "Esquire" Dec 1936, "Esquire" Nov 1939, "Esquire" Jan 1939 (actually says that the points may extend a trifle below the front of the tailcoat fronts but "never, never at the sides"), "Men Too Wear Clothes" published 1939, "Esquire" Jan 1940, "Esquire" Nov 1940
  5. ^ fashion plates reprinted in "The History of English Costume in the 19th Century" and "Men's Fashion: The Complete Sourcebook", original fashion plates from various issues of "Gazette of Fashion", "Gentleman's Magazine of Fashion"
  6. ^ Trendell, H. (ed.) (1921) Dress and Insignia Worn at His Majesty's Court, pp. 76. The description does not say that the waistcoat should not extrend below the fronts but the plate illustration of the New Style Court Dress clearly shows that the waistcoat does not extend below the fronts so it is implied that the waistcoat should be worn in this way and is relevant to the full evening dress as it is cutaway the same way as the New Style Court Dress coat given the New Style Court Dress essentially is based slightly on full evening dress of the time.
  7. ^ Trendell, H. (ed.) (1921) Dress and Insignia Worn at His Majesty's Court, pp. 36
  8. ^ Canadian Heritage (1985). "Dress". "Diplomatic and Consular Relations and Protocol" External Affairs. http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/ceem-cced/prtcl/vest-eng.cfm. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  9. ^ MacKinnon, C. R. (1970). Scottish Tartans & Highland Dress. Glasgow/London: Wm. Collins Sons & Co. Ltd.. p. 99. ISBN 0-00-411114-1. 
  10. ^ Moore, Matthew (2007-11-13). "Gordon Brown gives in to Lord Mayor's dress code". Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/11/12/ntie112.xml. Retrieved 2007-12-27. 
  11. ^ Sillanpää, M. Karonkkaperinne. University of Turku. (Finnish)


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